Ultrasound examination is one of the diagnostic procedures for clinical examination, which takes place once a year. It helps to identify the disease at the initial stage of development, confirm the diagnosis, plan treatment. Even if you feel healthy, you should not refuse a preventive examination. Often it helps to cure a person in a timely manner and save his life. Find out what types of ultrasound are, the frequency of the procedure and how to prepare for it.
How often to get diagnosed?
Ultrasound scanning has no contraindications and is not limited by the number of procedures. It is recommended to be examined once a year from diagnostic medical sonographer. This helps to detect and observe pathologies even when the disease is asymptomatic. An ultrasound machine is used to examine internal organs and tissues.
Types of ultrasound diagnostics for men and women
The procedure may differ depending on the gender of the patient. In different cases, various genital organs are examined.
uterus and ovaries
- there are diseases of the female genital organs;
- couple cannot conceive a child;
- are planning a pregnancy.
During the examination, “uzist” takes into account the level of fertility of a woman, the characteristics of the blood supply to the pelvic organs, using an ultrasound machine, excludes or detects neoplasms, inflammatory foci.
Special preparation for the examination is not required. But for more accurate data, it is better not to provoke gas formation in the intestines. 2-3 days before the procedure, you need to stop eating foods such as cabbage, bread, beans, cucumbers, and any dairy products. If you are worried about flatulence, it is better to consult a specialist the day before and take a drug on his recommendation that reduces the amount of gases in the gastrointestinal tract.
Ultrasound diagnostics of the breast
To prevent the development of pathology, to carry out treatment in a timely manner if necessary, women should regularly undergo ultrasound diagnostics and visit a noninvasive cardiovascular sonographer. Such prevention does not take much time. It will not hurt if there are no pathologies, and if there is, it can be life-saving.
Breast ultrasound is painless. You don’t need to prepare for it. It is indicated when a woman experiences discomfort in the breast area, feels her seal, fluid is released from the nipples in the absence of lactation.
- “mastitis”, “mastopathy” have already been or are suspected;
- observation of the patient before mammoplasty or rehabilitation after this operation;
- chest injury.
In connection with age-related changes in the body in men, the condition of the prostate gland worsens in years. Its pathology is detected using ultrasound. In this case, the examination method is transrectal.
- testicular anomalies from birth;
- malignant neoplasm;
- scrotal injury.
In such cases, it is very important to make a diagnosis in time and plan the treatment correctly in order to maintain men’s health.
General types of ultrasound diagnostics
- blood pressure above normal;
- suspected tumor, aneurysm;
- unsatisfactory urinalysis;
- pathology of the hormonal system;
- pain syndrome during urination.
Ultrasound diagnostics of thyroid diseases
- tachycardia is observed;
- there is a “lump” in the throat;
- frequent swelling;
- disturbed sleep;
- fast fatiguability;
- unstable mood.
Ultrasound helps to determine the structure of the thyroid gland, its boundaries, size. It makes it possible to observe changes in the organ, affected areas, the impact of the organ on nearby tissues. Ultrasound is used to diagnose thyroid adenoma, tumors of various nature, thyroiditis.
It is especially important to regularly undergo thyroid ultrasound:
- employees of hazardous industries;
- women before conception;
- patients on hormone therapy;
- relatives of those with diabetes or thyroid problems.
Ultrasound of the abdominal organs
During the examination of the digestive tract, the condition, size and structure are determined:
Organs are examined for neoplasms, calcifications, pathologies, inflammations, polyps. In addition to the organ, the doctor can observe projections of the retroperitoneal space, lymph nodes, and vessels on the monitor of the apparatus.
It is very important to prepare the patient for ultrasound of the abdominal organs, since it significantly affects the reliability of the information received during the session. 2-5 days before the examination, foods that stimulate gas formation are excluded from the diet. On the night before the diagnosis, a sorbent is taken, for example, Enterosgel or activated charcoal. If the patient has frequent constipation, he also makes an enema. Ultrasound of the abdominal organs should only be done on an empty stomach.
Do not neglect regular ultrasound examinations. It helps to keep the body healthy for as long as possible, to identify the disease at an early stage.