The rise of social networks: a look back at the news feed

13 new subscribers every second worldwide! Everyone talks about it, many connect to it, but do you really know the history of social applications? Since 1997, they have been part of our digital sphere and the number of followers is only increasing. If the objective of the creation of social networks is to bring people together to create links, a deviation has been built up to modify some of our habits. How is the evolution of social networks taking place? Guided tour in a world where social is networked.

Creation of social networks: a shared history

Platforms to create, share and exchange

A social network is a platform where individuals create a customizable profile page to cooperate and exchange information, photos and videos. Tools promote discussions such as instant messaging, sharing buttons and the ability to design groups, pages and events. Features like Facebook likes or Twitter hashtags encourage followers to react, share experiences and give feedback.

Each platform has a specific objective:

  • Facebook was born out of a desire to build a bridge between the user and his friends. Companies use it today for their web marketing campaigns. The choice of social media verification service is made according to the sectors of entrepreneurship.
  •  LinkedIn is intended for professional use with the possibility of publishing your CV and consulting job offers.
  • Instagram targets artistic creation with photos and videos. Artisans publish to sell their products, painters and photographers to reveal their talent.
  • Being visible on Twitter is essential for people with a certain notoriety (politicians or celebrities) to communicate with their followers.
  • YouTube is the reference for watching and downloading videos.
  • Snapchat is known for its automatic deletion of videos and photos.

Brief history of social applications

In 1997, the first community network was born under the name of Despite several million users, a lack of funding forced it to close in 2000. This resulted in a decade of exploration of this system with the creation of communities: Asian Avenue, Black Planet, Magenta. Then came the dating and professional networks.

Many owe their paternity to American soil:

  • The Facebook was launched by Mark Zuckerberg in 2004 to simply become Facebook in 2005. Initially limited to the university community, it opened in 2007 to experience rapid expansion. In 2021, the company Facebook changes to Meta.
  • YouTube takes the stage in 2005, with the first Me at the zoo video where a man comments on his visit in front of the elephant enclosure.
  • Twitter, named Twitter when it was released in 2006, stands out with co-founder Jack Dorsey’s first tweet: “just setting up my twitter” which means “I just set up my twitter account”. In 2007, he launched the hashtag.
  • Instagram appeared in 2010 with a first photo posted by its co-founder Mike Krieger which represents a marina. The snapshot has many filters.
  • Other applications like LinkedIn, Pinterest, or Twitch have their roots in the United States.

China is not to be outdone with Sine Weibo, a microblogging designed in 2009, the year when Facebook and Twitter were banned in the country. In 2014, it simply became Weibo. Zhang Yiming develops Doyin, a mobile function for sharing short videos for the Chinese market. He then created TikTok, a version of Doyin, for people outside of China. The latter also have QQ and WeChat.

Evolution of social networks: the hashtag in top tweet

Facebook and La Poste: a post instead of a stamp

A time that those under 20 cannot know… Let’s not exaggerate anything, Mr. Charles Aznavour, but it is true that the days when going on holiday meant sending a beautiful postcard are declining! Yes, Facebook, among others, has taken over from La Poste. No more waiting in front of your mailbox in the hope of receiving news from a friend on a trip, today we actively share these moments of relaxation through instant messages.

LinkedIn: the simplified application

Before social networks, looking for a job required a lot of time and availability. Today, the Internet and especially LinkedIn facilitate access to job offers. Many employers go through the latter to recruit their employees. For future employees, the publication of the CV is done in a few clicks as well as the creation of alerts for the desired positions. Students consult it regularly to prepare for their job interview. Indeed, following research on the company, they can know its values ​​thanks to its news feed and prepare their professional meeting as well as possible.

Twitch: the political game

American collaborative platform, Twitch brings together video game players, with an average age of 20 years. With over a million young people online every day, politicians saw an opportunity to engage with this audience. In February 2019, a Deaton is organized. This initiative of the French government leads ten ministers to respond live to Internet users who are on Twitch. Then, on March 8, 2021, former President François Hollande accepted the interview with Samuel Étienne for more than two hours. Six days later, it was the turn of Jean Castex. For the anecdote, the latter broke François Hollande’s audience record with 85,000 cyberarts against 84,000.

The expansion of social networks

The Global Internet and Social Media Usage Study by Hootsuite and We Are Social compares October 2020 figures with October 2021 data:

  • 61.8% of the world’s population currently surfs the Internet. This corresponds to 4.88 billion internet users, an increase of 220 million;
  • 4.55 billion people are subscribed to social networks (57.6%) which represents a growth of 400 million;
  • 13 new users every second;
  • 2h 27 is the average time spent on the platforms per day.

Evolution of social networks. Number of users in October 2021. Source: Francine Durand. Pictograms: Canva.

Predictions: Future of Social Apps

A controlled network: countries without subscribers

In France, choosing your social networks, creating an account and navigating in this semi-virtual world is possible. This is not the case in some states. According to a study by Surf shack, a specialist in online privacy and data security, out of 193 countries studied, 72 have blocked or restricted access to social networks since 2015.

In China, North Korea, Turkmenistan and Iran, foreign social networks such as Twitter and Facebook are blocked. China has its own apps like WeChat and Weibo, respecting the internet censorship enforced in the People’s Republic of China. Government authorities prohibit content from certain sites and may monitor Internet access. In Qatar and the United Arab Emirates, they limit calls made via the Internet, which blocks Messenger, WhatsApp and Skype.

Overall, these restrictions affect undemocratic states. Most outages appear to be related to political or societal events such as elections, referendums and protests. African, Asian and a few South American nations have seen the most social media curbs in recent years, while Australia, Oceania and Western Europe have seen no hindrances. However, Eastern Europe has seen restrictions in Montenegro, Ukraine, Belarus and Russia.

The evolution of social networks is not identical depending on the country. A third of the world’s countries have restricted access to social media since 2015. Source: Surf shack.

Ongoing changes

The evolution of social networks is not over and there are already trends for the years to come:

  • advances in research and behavior analysis for marketing;
  • reinforcement of intercultural content, in particular with the improvement of translation tools;
  • facilitation of e-commerce;
  • experimentation with other forms of shopping;
  • consolidation of legal and ethical aspects;
  • digital transformation in education and health;
  • increased cybersecurity;
  • new interfaces with augmented reality glasses offered by Facebook and Apple.

The creation of social networks since 1997 is increasing. Each platform develops specificities, which increases the number of followers. The evolution of social networks is in full expansion, and everything suggests that the rising curve is not about to stop. The founders have clearly explained their desire for improvement, further pushing back their use.

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